A book report on Animal Farm [1400 Words] | EssayWriter.org (2023)

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This work examines the work by George Orwell onAnimal Farm. The book is an excellent piece that employs different artistic styles in using animals as the main characters to represent the society. It is a profound piece that depicts the political world and the way politicians use the power of language and speech to manipulate their subjects. The animals initially live on a farm managed by humans and feel that they are manipulated. The animals through their organized leadership drive the agendum of revolution to initiate self-governance. One sidesplitting thing is that the entrusted leaders who facilitated revolution changed and abandoned their promises and instead became tyrannical and brutal. Indeed, the book is a great piece to interact with since it exposes the readers to different episodes of what the political society is like.

The Animal Farm and the Society

The book has a lot for the readers to desire. George Orwell was very creative in his work and chose animal characters to avoid the confrontation with the people who would feel that the book is an attack on them. According to Fadaee (176), three things are apparent when reading the book. The book is an allegoric piece which the characters and situations are used to represent other situations and characters with an imperative message to make about them. In close reflection, it stands for the Russian Revolution that happened in 1917 with experiences similar to the ones explicated in the story. Secondly, the piece represents a dystopian society, not a utopia. It is important to note that a utopian world is that which is imagined in a better way, but a dystopian world is that which is worse than the imagined. Finally, one thing that is ostensibly is that all animals are equal, but others appear to be more significant than others. George Orwell pictured a situation in the communist Russia that sought to eliminate the capitalist system but replaced it with a more tyrannical system.

The animals lived in Mr. Jones farm and were not happy with the way they were treated. The Old Major, a pig was highly respected due to his far-fetched wisdom. He collected the animals and narrated to them a dream he had where he saw all animals enjoying a greater deal of freedom, which had been an illusionary hope for them for a longer period. However, Old Major does not live long, but the remaining animals are more inspired by his philosophy and organize themselves to perpetuate revolution against Mr. Jones and his family. The animals are not happy with the wrath of their human master who is ungrateful even after receiving the greater service from them. Snowball and Napoleon consider themselves more vibrant to lead the rebellion. The rebellion ensues and Mr. Jones and his family are sent out of the farm. The farm is then renamed from “Manor” to “Animal Farm.” This implies that they assume the full authority and control of the affairs of the farm. The seven commandments that guide the administration of the newly formed community are pinned on the wall. Indeed, the revolution is successful and all the animals are happy. They go ahead to do the harvest and initiate weekly meetings, mostly on Sundays to chat the ways of managing the farm. The pigs are appointed to supervise the farm owing to their intelligence.

Later, Jones and his people attack the animals to have the farm back, but there are defeated in a battle known as Cowshed. What is more irritating is the way the newly formed community is incited by the insiders against itself. It is a demonstration of selfish interest that makes the farm worse than it was before the revolution (Orwell 11). Mollie, a horse becomes so selfish by being lured by another human being through the promise of sugar and ribbon to leave the farm. The conflict begins between Napoleon and Snowball concerning the affairs of the animals, more so when Snowball installs the project of electricity that excites all the animals, something that is profoundly opposed by Napoleon. Napoleon argues that allowing such projects would make the animals so lazy to engage in their product works. On the fateful day when Snowball launches the windmill project, Napoleon uses the vicious dogs that expel Snowball out of the farm. He goes ahead and announces that there would be no further debate in the farm while lying to the animals that electricity project was his, and not Snowball’s.

From this background, readers can relate the behaviors to those of the leaders who lie to their people before being elected and only formulate policies that favor them (Fadaee 54). Also, it depicts the way politicians have to remain violent against leaders who try to change the lives of their people. One thing to note in this respect is that the political leaders have used sweet words to have their way. They promise people good things, while in the real sense all are intended to benefit them. For instance, Plato in his book,The Republic, communicates about the concept of justice and the way it is used to manipulate the masses (Bloom and Kirsch 21). Plato states that justice is a promise given to the cow. When it is well fed, it might be blinded to believe that it is for its own welfare. However, in the actual sense, it is fed and made fat for the slaughter. Nothing good the cow can enjoy apart from being good for the knife. The public would feel more excited concerning the things that the government promises, while on the other hand, the government enjoys all the goodies and the products reaped from such projects.

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On the same note, Robert Kiyosaki in his book,Rich Dad, Poor Dad, enlightens his readers concerning the fallacious life that people project towards the government (Kiyosaki and Sharon 12). He states that many people work hard to be employed thinking that it is something to be happy about, yet it supports the nobility than the normal laborers. He adds that the rich politicians live well and do not give tax. The taxpayers are the people living in the middle or the lower class. He also says that rich are secured by the state and enjoys the privileges, while the individuals in the lower brackets struggle to sustain the state.

Just as demonstrated in Gorge Orwell’sAnimal Farm, some animals like Boxer, a stronger horse feel that he is more important than other animals. This indicates that as much as people would feel that they are equal in a society, there are other members who are equal more than others are. The piece is a revelation to the readers not to be blinded by the fake promises given by the people on the pursuit of power. For instance, after driving Snowball out of the farm, Napoleon tries to continue with the project of electricity, but if it fails, he blames it on Snowball again. This behavior represents the same nature of different leaders in the society who lack vision and attendant cost of their responsibility (Yandell 53). They fail to deliver and blame it on other people. Napoleon becomes a fierce dictator who does not allow anyone to question him. He manages the affairs of the farm with wrath which leads the animals to regret more than what they were under Mr. Jones. Therefore, the book is an important piece to relate to as it informs the readers about the actual greed of various leaders solely spirited to galvanize power regardless of the effects on the people governed.


The book by Orwell underpins different behaviors of leaders in the society. The animals were inspired by what Old Major told them about the freedom of the human masters. Napoleon and Snowball set the path for the new agenda of the animal community, but when they become enemies, the whole vision of the animals turns upside down. Just as has been pointed out in this study, people are continuously blinded to believe that the people they choose on leadership has anything good for them, yet they represent their personal interests. The leaders rely greatly on the power of language, promise, and speech that are manipulative. The incredible message to take home from the book is that the society should be very careful in choosing their leaders, lest they become victims of a dupe.

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What is the book Animal Farm about short summary? ›

It tells the story of a group of farm animals who rebel against their human farmer, hoping to create a society where the animals can be equal, free, and happy. Ultimately, the rebellion is betrayed, and the farm ends up in a state as bad as it was before, under the dictatorship of a pig named Napoleon.

What is the summary of Animal Farm Chapter 10? ›

What happens in Chapter 10 of Animal Farm? In chapter 10 the windmill is finally completed. The sheep are taught a new slogan by Squealer, and the pigs begin walking on their hind legs. Only one commandment is painted on the barn wall stating: All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others.

What happens in chapter 1 of Animal Farm Summary? ›

In Chapter 1, Old Major, an old boar on the farm, gathers the animals in the barn to tell them about a dream he had. He preaches that the animals are living in deplorable conditions, and that the enemy is humankind. He urges the animals to rebel, and he teaches them the song "Beasts of England".

What are the five main themes in Animal Farm? ›

  • The Corruption of Socialist Ideals in the Soviet Union. ...
  • The Societal Tendency Toward Class Stratification. ...
  • The Danger of a Naïve Working Class. ...
  • The Abuse of Language as Instrumental to the Abuse of Power. ...
  • Corruption. ...
  • The Failure of Intellect. ...
  • The Exploitation of Animals by Humans.

What is the main theme of Animal Farm? ›

The grand theme of Animal Farm has to do with the capacity for ordinary individuals to continue to believe in a revolution that has been utterly betrayed. Orwell attempts to reveal how those in power—Napoleon and his fellow pigs—pervert the democratic promise of the revolution.

What are the 10 rules in Animal Farm? ›

The commandments are as follows:
  • Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
  • Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
  • 3.No animal shall wear clothes.
  • 4.No animal shall sleep in a bed.
  • 5.No animal shall drink alcohol.
  • 6.No animal shall kill any other animal.
  • All animals are equal.

How does Animal Farm End? ›

Napoleon seizes power by force and ends up exploiting the animals just as Farmer Jones had done. The novel ends with the pigs behaving and even dressing like the humans the animals tried to get rid of in the first place.

What happens in chapter 5 of Animal Farm? ›

The pigs increase their influence on the farm, deciding all questions of policy and then offering their decisions to the animals, who must ratify them by a majority vote. Snowball and Napoleon continue their fervent debates, the greatest of which occurs over the building of a windmill on a knoll.

Why were 4 pigs killed in Animal Farm? ›

Answer and Explanation: In Chapter VII of Animal Farm, Napoleon executes four pigs and three hens, along with several other animals, in order to strengthen his control over the farm.

What were the 7 Commandments in Animal Farm at the end? ›

Philosophy of Animalism

No animal shall wear clothes. No animal shall sleep in a bed. No animal shall drink alcohol. No animal shall kill any other animal.

What 7 commandments are broken in Animal Farm? ›

The degradation of the Seven Commandments symbolizes the oppressive conditions for the animals on the farm.
  • Whatever Goes upon Two Legs Is an Enemy. ...
  • Whatever Goes Upon Four Legs, Or Has Wings, Is a Friend. ...
  • No Animal Shall Wear Clothes. ...
  • No Animal Shall Sleep in a Bed. ...
  • No Animal Shall Drink Alcohol.
29 Jan 2022

Why is Chapter 1 important in Animal Farm? ›

Summary and Analysis Chapter 1

Major delivers a rousing political speech about the evils inflicted upon them by their human keepers and their need to rebel against the tyranny of Man.

What happens in the last chapter of Animal Farm? ›

In the novel's final scene, a deputation of neighboring farmers are given a tour of the farm, after which they meet in the dining-room of the farmhouse with Napoleon and the other pigs. Mr. Pilkington makes a toast to Animal Farm and its efficiency.

What happens in Animal Farm Chapter 7 and 8? ›

The pigs stop giving the hens rations. After five days, the poor hens give in—but nine of them have died. Meanwhile, the pigs tell everybody that Snowball has been sneaking onto the farm in the dead of night, breaking tools, stealing corn, spray painting 'U SUK' on the barn wall, etc.

What Animal Farm teaches us? ›

Orwell explores the idea of power leading to corruption. Many of the characters in the novel are eventually corrupted by the power they have, particularly the pigs, as they manipulate their position of leadership to exploit other animals.

What is the moral of Animal Farm? ›

The book echoes the idea that all power can contain an element of corruptibility. Perhaps the leaders, the pigs Napoleon and Snowball, started out well-meaning, however once they realized that all of the animals listened to them without thinking, they started to abuse their power.

Who the animals represent in Animal Farm? ›

Jones is the Russian Czar. Old Major stands for either Karl Marx or Vladimir Lenin, and the pig named Snowball represents the intellectual revolutionary Leon Trotsky. Napoleon stands for Stalin, while the dogs are his secret police. The horse Boxer stands in for the proletariat, or working class.

What do the 7 Commandments in Animal Farm symbolize? ›

The Commandments

The Seven Commandments of Animalism, written on the barn wall for all to see, represent the power of propaganda and the malleable nature of history and information when the people are ignorant of the facts.

How is Animal Farm related to real life? ›

Animal Farm is an allegory symbolizing the effects and outcome of the Russian Revolution. The novel uses the symbolism of ideas, plot events, and characters to represent ideas, events, and people in the real world and how all those aspects interacted with each other.

Who do the dogs represent in Animal Farm? ›

In the allegory Animal Farm, Orwell argues that governments can be corrupt; mostly seen through the symbolism of the dogs, the hens, and Boxer. Orwell uses the dogs to symbolize how governments use military force to intimidate society. Stalin used brutal military force to strike fear into his people.

WHO said four legs good two legs? ›

Quote by George Orwell: “Four legs good, two legs better!

What commandments are broken in Chapter 6? ›

Napoleon tells the animals that he has decided to trade with the neighbouring farmers. The pigs move into the farmhouse and a Commandment is broken – the animals now sleep in beds. This is explained away by Squealer as necessary for the defence of the farm. An alteration to this Commandment is painted onto the wall.

What is the new name of Animal Farm? ›

"Animal Farm" was rechristened as "Manor Farm" by Napoleon. The strange transformation that the other animals noticed on the faces of the pig was that the faces of the pigs were now just like human faces. The pigs resembled the very men against whom they had fought to set up the Animal Farm.

What destroyed the farm in Animal Farm? ›

When the animals go into the fields, they find, to their horror, that the windmill, on which they have worked so hard, has been toppled. Napoleon announces in appalled tones that the windmill has been sabotaged by Snowball, who, he says, will do anything to destroy Animal Farm.

Who died in the Battle of cowshed? ›

The humans shoot at Snowball and graze his back several times, but the only casualty on the animal side is one sheep.

Who leaves the farm in chapter 5? ›

Mollie has been cavorting with one of the men on the neighboring farms in return for frivolities like sugar and ribbons. (Hey, we get it.) Then she abandons the farm altogether.

What happens in chapter 6 of Animal Farm? ›

In Chapter 6, Napoleon's greed continues to grow. Not content with just taking the apples and the milk, the pigs move into the farmhouse and start sleeping in beds. Napoleon uses a combination of propaganda and fear to keep the other animals from questioning this decision.

Who blows the conch at the end of chapter 5? ›

Summary: Chapter 5

Ralph is frustrated with his hair, which is now long, mangy, and always manages to fall in front of his eyes. He decides to call a meeting to attempt to bring the group back into line. Late in the evening, he blows the conch shell, and the boys gather on the beach.

Why did the pigs steal the milk? ›

When the animals object, Squealer explains that the pigs need the milk and apples to sustain themselves as they work for the benefit of all the other animals.

Did Snowball betray the farm? ›

How does Napoleon seize power? Napoleon trains a litter of puppies to be loyal to him: when they are fully grown, he uses the dogs to chase Snowball, his main rival, off the farm. Napoleon justifies his takeover by telling the other animals that Snowball was a traitor secretly working for the human farmers.

Who gets killed in Animal Farm? ›

In Animal Farm, Boxer dies as a result of Napoleon's tyranny, as do multiple pigs and hens, as well as several other unnamed animals.

What happened to the milk in Animal Farm? ›

The milk and apples were taken by the pigs. In chapter three, Squealer announces that the pigs will be adding the milk and apples to their mash. His argument is that the pigs need this extra food to fuel their brainpower.

What happened to Boxer in Animal Farm? ›

Soon Squealer announces that the doctors could not cure Boxer: he has died at the hospital. He claims to have been at the great horse's side as he died and calls it the most moving sight he has ever seen—he says that Boxer died praising the glories of Animal Farm.

What was the first Rule the pigs broke in Animal Farm? ›

The first rule to be broken is “All animals are equal”. It becomes apparent that the two pigs, Snowball and Napoleon (together with other pigs and dogs) enjoy special treatment at the expense of others.

Why did the windmill fall in Animal Farm? ›

Napoleon blames the collapse of the windmill on Snowball's sabotage, not inadequate construction, and the animals agree. The windmill now symbolizes the gaslighting, or psychological manipulation, that the pigs have inflicted on the rest of the animals.

Are all animals equal in Animal Farm? ›

All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others. ” A quote from 'Animal Farm' by George Orwell explaining disparities that exist in society.

Which commandment changed first in Animal Farm? ›

After the expulsion of Snowball, Napoleon takes charge and changes some of the Commandments to fit his needs. One that was changed was the Commandment of drinking alcohol. At first, the 5th Commandment stated that no animal shall drink alcohol, period.

What are the two most important events in Animal Farm? ›

Napoleon reduces the rations and rights of the animals and starts breaking the commandments. There is another invasion by the men and the windmill is blown up.

What is the most important quote in Animal Farm? ›

Four legs good, two legs bad.” This phrase, which occurs in Chapter III, constitutes Snowball's condensation of the Seven Commandments of Animalism, which themselves serve as abridgments of Old Major's stirring speech on the need for animal unity in the face of human oppression.

Who is Dog in chapter 1 Animal Farm? ›

First came the three dogs, Bluebell, Jessie, and Pincher, and then the pigs, who settled down in the straw immediately in front of the platform.

What happens to Napoleon at the end of Animal Farm? ›

At the end of Animal Farm, Napoleon is still in charge of the farm. He and the other pigs have begun walking on two legs and carrying whips. It is clear that Napoleon intends to become increasingly human-like in his behavior and appearance. By now, he has cemented a strong business relationship with the other farmers.

How many horses were in Animal Farm? ›

The farm possessed three horses now besides Clover. They were fine upstanding beasts, willing workers and good comrades, but very stupid.

Who attacked the farm in chapter 8? ›

Even worse, Frederick and twenty of his men attack Animal Farm, but they are driven off after they use dynamite on the windmill.

What happened to Squealer at the end of the chapter 8? ›

By evening, however, he has recovered. The next night, some of the animals find Squealer near the barn, holding a paintbrush; he has fallen from a ladder leaned up against the spot where the Seven Commandments are painted on the barn.

What does Squealer ban at the end of chapter 7? ›

As the other animals join in, Squealer announces that Napoleon has decreed that 'Beasts of England' is now a forbidden song.

What is Animal Farm about essay? ›

George Orwell's Animal Farm is written about how actions can give a bad idea of freedom and equality. The animals on the farm were inspired by what Old Major had told them before he died. The animals dreamed about being free but after the rebellion, they ended up being completely obedient to the new leader […]

What is Animal Farm about in real life? ›

Animal Farm represents the Russian Revolution of 1917. Old Major represents Karl Marx, Snowball represents Leon Trotsky, Napoleon represents Josef Stalin, Squealer represents propaganda, and Boxer is a representation for all the Russian laborers and workers.

What is the point of view of the book Animal Farm? ›

Animal Farm is told from a collective limited third-person point of view sometimes known as “village voice.” The narrator knows everything the animals see, say, know and do as a group.

Why is the book Animal Farm important? ›

Animal Farm shows key importance in the development of today's modern day society as it gives a political and metaphorical standpoint on how people as a community act. It shows how humans are able to deceive and change their ways in order to get what they want.

What is a good conclusion for Animal Farm? ›

The book's final image expresses the animals' realization that the pigs have become as cruel and oppressive as human farmers. The ending also makes the argument that political power is always the same, whoever has it and whatever ideology is used to justify it.

How do I write an essay? ›

Tips for effective writing
  1. Start writing early —the earlier the better. ...
  2. Keep the essay question in mind. ...
  3. Don't try to write an essay from beginning to end, especially not in a single sitting. ...
  4. Write the introduction and conclusion after the body. ...
  5. Use 'signpost' words in your writing. ...
  6. Integrate your evidence carefully.
21 Oct 2022

What is the full meaning of farm animal? ›

Definition of farm animals

: animals that are raised on a farm pigs, chickens, and other farm animals.

Who is the most important character in Animal Farm? ›

Napoleon. The pig who emerges as the leader of Animal Farm after the Rebellion. Based on Joseph Stalin, Napoleon uses military force (his nine loyal attack dogs) to intimidate the other animals and consolidate his power. In his supreme craftiness, Napoleon proves more treacherous than his counterpart, Snowball.

What is the hidden meaning of Animal Farm? ›

The main action of Animal Farm stands for the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the early years of the Soviet Union. Animalism is really communism. Manor Farm is allegorical of Russia, and the farmer Mr. Jones is the Russian Czar.

What is the main conflict in Animal Farm? ›

The central conflict of Animal Farm arises when the animals' desire for freedom and equality is corrupted by the consolidation of political power amongst the pigs.

What is the most important scene in Animal Farm? ›

I think that the most memorable and effective scene was when Napoleon called in his nine dogs to attack Snowball during their last debate together about the windmill. This is a key turning point in the book, because this scene shows Napoleon's first move towards his new government of the farm, which is communism.

What is the main setting of Animal Farm? ›

The Manor Farm—later called Animal Farm—is a small, independent farm somewhere in the English countryside. The name “Manor Farm” tells us that it was once owned by a local aristocrat, the lord of the manor. However, the farm has since come into the hands of Mr. Jones, an unsuccessful, lazy, drunken farmer.

What kind of a story is Animal Farm? ›

Animal Farm, anti-utopian satire by George Orwell, published in 1945. One of Orwell's finest works, it is a political fable based on the events of Russia's Bolshevik revolution and the betrayal of the cause by Joseph Stalin.

What are the symbols of Animal Farm? ›

What are the important symbols in Animal Farm? The important symbols in Animal Farm are Mr. Jones, the windmill, the Battle of Cowshed, and the various animals. Each represents some aspect of the Soviet Union.


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